Infographic: Concussions are Treatable, but How?

Infographic: Concussions are Treatable, but How?

Different concussions can have different symptoms and treatment plans. Follow along to understand what is typically associated with each.


1. A mil traumatic brain injury (mTBI) caused by a jolt to the head or body that disrupts the function of the brain.

Patients can experience more than one type of concussion. The clinical outcome of a concussion can be greatly improved by being correctly diagnosed and having a treatment plan individually designed for the patient.

Researchers at the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program have identified six primary clinical profiles, or trajectories, that a concussion may take. Let’s take a look at what symptoms and treatment methods are typically associated with each.

Symptoms: Difficulty with balance, trouble stabilizing vision when moving the head, poor hand-eye coordination
Treatment: Vestibular rehabilitation customized to suit various environments (i.e. work or school) that the patient may encounter

Symptoms: Difficult coordinating eye movements; headache, fatigue, and difficulty focusing vision
Treatment: A neuro-optometrist may recommend vision therapy and vestibular therapy

Symptoms: Decreased ability to concentrate or multitask; difficulty learning new information; poor memory; increase in fatigue
Treatment: Academic and workplace accommodations (i.e. breaks, workload reduction); strict sleep, diet, hydration, stress management, and exercise regulations; medication may be prescribed

Post-traumatic Migraine
Symptoms: Headache, nausea, and sensitivity to light or noise
Treatment: Strict behavioral management, with an emphasis on regular sleep; proper hydration, diet, stress management, and some physical activity; medication may be prescribed

Symptoms: Headaches and neck pain
Treatment: Mobilization techniques and posture correction exercises; biofeedback to train patients to control their body’s function with their mind; pain reduction medication

Symptoms: Excessive anxiety or significant irritability
Treatment: Exertion therapy; a prescribed daily exercise plan