Concussion Injury May Disrupt Menstrual Patterns in Adolescent and Young Women

Concussion Injury May Disrupt Menstrual Patterns in Adolescent and Young Women

Concussion Research News graphicRecent research has discovered a correlation between concussions and disrupted menstrual patterns in adolescent and young women.

Anthony Kontos, PhD, research director at the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program, explains that anxiety and depression can exacerbate the body’s response to a concussive injury.

“All concussions are different and some have emotional symptoms,” states Dr. Kontos. “Higher stress associated with the concussive injury may cause the body to respond in a particular way.” Such responses can be seen in irregular menstrual cycles.

Clinicians from the UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program and Magee-Women’s Hospital of UPMC Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Services, studied 129 women aged 12 to 21 who all reported regular menstrual cycles prior to a concussive or orthopaedic injury, and irregular menstrual cycles post-injury.

Of the 68 participants who had sustained a concussion, 24 percent reported at least two irregular menstrual cycles during the 120-day study, compared to five percent of the 61 orthopaedic injury participants who experienced at least two irregular menstrual cycles.

Doctors from Magee-Women’s Hospital of UPMC recommend following up with a physician if post-injury menstrual changes occur, regardless of injury severity.

To learn more, visit the full research article.